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Department of History and Archaeology


Spring Semester, Optional course, 10 ECTS.

Instructor: Chrysanthos Kanellopoulos


This module examines the architecture of the 4th century as an independent system of values and as a combination of trends within the classical period. The issues of The architects’ individualism, the decline or departure from idealism and evolution from the 5th century principles will also be explored.  Phenomena that typically belong to the 4th century, such as the Corinthian order, the development of interior spaces, the tholoi, Asclepieia and theatra, the choragic monuments and the emergence of the Macedonian styles add to the wide range of topics discussed and investigated during the seminar.

Learning outcomes

By the end of this course students should be familiar with:

  • The basic architectural schools and trends of the 4th century
  • The individualism of 4th century architects

They should also be able to:

  • read and understand ground plans, technical sections, elevations and spatial qualities. 
  • create and express their own opinions about design and technical solutions


Essay (3,500-5,000 words). A list of indicative topics will be provided, but students are strongly encouraged to discuss and personalize the essay topic with the course coordinator. 


Amandry, P. and E. Hansen. 2010. Le Temple D’Apollon du IV siècle, FdD 142. Athènes/Paris: Ecole française d'Athènes.

Coulton, J.J. 1968. “The Stoa at the Amphiaraeion, Oropos”. BSA 63: 147-84.

Kanellopoulos, C. and M. Petrakis. 2018. “Cella Alignment and Fourth Century BC Doric Peripteral Temple Architecture in Mainland Greece”, OpAthRom 11: 169-200.

Oρλάνδος, A. 1915. “Ο ναός του Απόλλωνος Πτώου”. ΑrchDelt 1Β: 94-100.

Østby, E. 2014. Tegea II, Investigations in the Sanctuary of Athena Alea 1990-94 and 2004, Papers and Monographs from the Norwegian Institute at Athens 4. Athens: Norwegian Institute at Athens.

Roux, G. 1961. L'architecture de I'Argolide aux ive et iiie siecles avant J.-C. Paris: Editions Picard.

Seiler, S. 1986. Die  griechische Tholos: Untersuchungen zur Entwicklung, Typologie und Funktion kunstmäßiger Rundbauten. Mainz: von Zabern.

Townsend, R. 2004. “Classical Signs and Anti-classical Signification in 4th Century Athens”.  Hesperia 33: 305-26.